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Young Picasso in Paris

Pablo Picasso, Le Moulin de la Galette, Paris, ca. November 1900. Oil on canvas, 89.7 x 116.8 cm. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Thannhauser Collection, Gift, Justin K. Thannhauser 78.2514.34. Photo: Midge Wattles, Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York © 2023 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Pablo Picasso first arrived in Paris from Barcelona in autumn 1900, during the final weeks of the Universal Exhibition that included his work in the Spanish pavilion. The ville lumière, or “city of light,” captivated, and ultimately transformed, the nineteen-year-old Spaniard. Though Picasso spoke little French, he absorbed everything Paris had to offer over his initial two-month stay and during his return the following May through the end of 1901. He patronized not only the art galleries, but also the bohemian cafés, raucous nightclubs, and sensational dancehalls that permeated his hilltop neighborhood of Montmartre. These sites of social gathering and the various types of people who frequented them quickly became a primary source of inspiration.

Coinciding with the fiftieth anniversary of Picasso’s death, the exhibition Young Picasso in Paris will explore a critical juncture in his artistic development and highlight a defining work, Le Moulin de la Galette (ca. November 1900), which was recently the subject of a conservation analysis and treatment project. The famous dance hall—formerly a mill engaged in the production of a brown bread, or galette—had been depicted by such avant-gardists as Ramon Casas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Vincent van Gogh. In Picasso’s titillating version, a cross section of Paris society comingles under the electric lights. This painting and others demonstrate the young artist’s fascination with the unconventional aspects of modern life. Picasso’s early work presages the social disenfranchisement that he brought into sharper relief with his subsequent Blue Period (1901–04) through depictions of the exploited and vulnerable.

This intimate exhibition includes a small group of paintings and drawings that show Picasso’s exercises in character study and demonstrate his evolution during this formative period of his life. All told, his forays into Paris left a strong impression; Picasso would settle there in 1904. On the precipice in 1900, the artist eventually surpassed his academic training to craft a singular practice reflective of his time.

Young Picasso in Paris is organized by Megan Fontanella, Curator, Modern Art and Provenance. Conservation research and treatment of Picasso’s Le Moulin de la Galette were conducted by Julie Barten, Senior Painting Conservator and Associate Director of Conservation Affairs.